Page last updated Thu 04 May 2017


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  Genus Urnatella

Species U. gracilis

Taxon Information

The Species U. gracilis has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from midwestern states of North America.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Urnatella gracilis, [North America] (Wood, 2010).
  • Urnatella gracilis, Only a single species of freshwater entoproct is currently recognized. [North America] (Smith, 2001).
  • Urnatella gracilis, "From Schuylkill River, Pa., Scioto River and Lake Erie, Ohio; Grand and Clinton Rivers, Mich., Tippecanoe River, Ind.; Licking River, Ky; Lake Dallas, Tex; Fairport, Ia.; James River, Va. ... Havana, Illinois River" (Rogick, 1959).


  • Wood, T.S. 2010. Bryozoans. [in] J.H. Thorp & A.P. Covich (eds.). Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, 3rd edition: 437-454.
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Entoprocta (Banded moss animals). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 245-247.
  • Rogick, M.D. 1959. Bryozoa. [in] W.T. Edmondson (ed.). Ward & Whipple Fresh-Water Biology, 2nd edition: 495-507.

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