Page last updated Thu 04 May 2017


Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Superphylum Gnathifera

Phylum Gnathostomulida

Taxon Information

The Phylum Gnathostomulida is not recorded from fresh waters. This taxon has not been reported from North America.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Gnathostomulida, "109 species" (Zhang, 2011).
  • Gnathostomulida, [80 described species] (Brusca & Brusca, 2003).


  • Zhang, Z.-Q. 2011. Animal biodiversity: An introduction to higher-level classification and taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 7-12. [Available online]
  • Brusca, R.C. & G.J. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates, 2nd edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts. 936 pp.

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