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  Phylum Bryozoa

Class Gymnolaemata

    Order Ctenostomata -- midwestern North America.
    Order Cheilostomatida

Taxon Information

The Class Gymnolaemata has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from midwestern states of North America.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Gymnolaemata, [North America] (Wood, 2010).
  • Gymnolaemata, [Palearctic, Nearctic, Neotropical, Afrotropical, Oriental, Australasian; 19 species in 8 genera worldwide, 4 Nearctic species in 4 genera] (Massard & Geimer, 2008).
  • Gymnolaemata, (Smith, 2001).
  • Gymnolaemata, (Rogick, 1959).

Bibliography

  • Wood, T.S. 2010. Bryozoans. [in] J.H. Thorp & A.P. Covich (eds.). Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, 3rd edition: 437-454.
  • Massard, J.A. & G. Geimer. 2008. Global diversity of bryozoans (Bryozoa or Ectoprocta) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595: 93-99. [Available online]
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Ectoprocta (Moss animals). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 249-268.
  • Rogick, M.D. 1959. Bryozoa. [in] W.T. Edmondson (ed.). Ward & Whipple Fresh-Water Biology, 2nd edition: 495-507.

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