Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Superfamily Unionoidea

Family Unionidae

    Subfamily Ambleminae -- Wisconsin!
    Subfamily Unioninae -- Wisconsin!
    Subfamily Gonideinae -- North America.
    Genus Ctenodesma
    Genus Germainaia
    Genus Harmandia
    Subfamily Modellnaiinae
    Subfamily Parreysiinae
    Genus Protunio
    Genus Pseudobaphia
    Genus Ptychorhynchus
    Subfamily Rectidentinae
    Genus Schepmania
    Genus Unionetta

Taxon Information

The Family Unionidae has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from Wisconsin.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Unionidae, "681 species... North and Central America, Eurasia, Africa" [freshwater] (Graf, 2013).
  • Unionidae, [Palearctic, Nearctic, Afrotropical, Neotropical, Oriental, Australasian; 621 species in 142 genera worldwide, 297 Nearctic species in 51 genera] (Bogan, 2008).
  • Unionidae, [North America] (Smith, 2001).
  • Unionidae, [North Central United States] (Underhill et al., 1982).
  • Unionidae, (Clench, 1959).


  • Graf, D.L. 2013. Patterns of freshwater bivalve global diversity and the state of phylogenetic studies on the Unionoida, Sphaeriidae, and Cyrenidae. American Malacological Bulletin 31: 135-153.
  • Bogan, A.E. 2008. Global diversity of freshwater mussels (Mollusca, Bivalvia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595: 139-147. [Available online]
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Mollusca (Gastropods, pelecypods). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 327-400.
  • Underhill, J.C., W.D. Schmid & D.E. Gilbertson. 1982. Taxonomic Keys to the Common Animals of the North Central States, exclusive of the parasitic worms, terrestrial insects, and birds, 4th edition. 205 pp.
  • Clench, W.J. 1959. Mollusca. [in] W.T. Edmondson (ed.). Ward & Whipple Fresh-Water Biology, 2nd edition: 1117-1160.

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Site managed by Daniel L. Graf @ University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point