Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Family Spongillidae

Genus Eunapius

    Species E. fragilis -- Wisconsin!
    Species E. igloviformis -- midwestern North America.
    Species E. aetheriae
    Species E. ambiguus
    Species E. calcuttanus
    Species E. carteri
    Species E. conifer
    Species E. crassissimus
    Species E. geei
    Species E. geminus
    Species E. michaelseni
    Species E. nitens
    Species E. potamolepis
    Species E. ryuensis
    Species E. sinensis
    Species E. subterraneus
    Species E. tinei

Taxon Information

The Genus Eunapius has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from Wisconsin.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Eunapius, (Pechenik, 2015).
  • Eunapius, [North America] (Reiswig & Ricciardi, 2010).
  • Eunapius, [Wisconsin] (Annesley et al., 2008).
  • Eunapius, 1 species widespread throughout the U.S. [North America] (Smith, 2001).
  • Eunapius, [North Central United States] (Underhill et al., 1982).


  • Pechenik, J.A. 2015. Biology of the Invertebrates, 7th edition. McGraw-Hill, NewYork.. 606 pp.
  • Reiswig, H.M. & T.M. Frost & A. Ricciardi. 2010. Porifera. [in] J.H. Thorp & A.P. Covich (eds.). Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, 3rd edition: 91-123.
  • Annesley, J., J. Jass & D. Watermolen. 2008. Wisconsin freshwater sponge species documented by scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 23(2): 263-272. [Available online]
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Porifera (Sponges). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 41-60.
  • Underhill, J.C., W.D. Schmid & D.E. Gilbertson. 1982. Taxonomic Keys to the Common Animals of the North Central States, exclusive of the parasitic worms, terrestrial insects, and birds, 4th edition. 205 pp.

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