Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Family Spongillidae

Genus Duosclera

    Species D. mackayi -- Wisconsin!

Taxon Information

The Genus Duosclera has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from Wisconsin.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Duosclera, [North America] (Reiswig & Ricciardi, 2010).
  • Duosclera, [Wisconsin] (Annesley et al., 2008).
  • Duosclera, 1 species in the eastern U.S. [North America] (Smith, 2001).


  • Reiswig, H.M. & T.M. Frost & A. Ricciardi. 2010. Porifera. [in] J.H. Thorp & A.P. Covich (eds.). Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, 3rd edition: 91-123.
  • Annesley, J., J. Jass & D. Watermolen. 2008. Wisconsin freshwater sponge species documented by scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 23(2): 263-272. [Available online]
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Porifera (Sponges). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 41-60.

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