Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Image from Encylopedia Britannica.

Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Family Spongillidae

Genus Spongilla

    Species S. lacustris -- Wisconsin!
    Species S. alba -- North America.
    Species S. cenota -- North America.
    Species S. wagneri -- North America.
    Species S. arctica
    Species S. benguelensis
    Species S. chaohuensis
    Species S. dawsoni
    Species S. helvetica
    Species S. jiujiangensis
    Species S. mucronata
    Species S. permixta
    Species S. prespensis
    Species S. sarasinorum
    Species S. shikaribensis
    Species S. stankovici

Taxon Information

The Genus Spongilla has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from Wisconsin.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Spongilla, (Pechenik, 2015).
  • Spongilla, [North America] (Reiswig & Ricciardi, 2010).
  • Spongilla, [Wisconsin] (Annesley et al., 2008).
  • Spongilla, 3 species; widely distributed [North America] (Smith, 2001).
  • Spongilla, [North Central United States] (Underhill et al., 1982).
  • Spongilla, (Jewell, 1959).


  • Pechenik, J.A. 2015. Biology of the Invertebrates, 7th edition. McGraw-Hill, NewYork.. 606 pp.
  • Reiswig, H.M. & T.M. Frost & A. Ricciardi. 2010. Porifera. [in] J.H. Thorp & A.P. Covich (eds.). Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, 3rd edition: 91-123.
  • Annesley, J., J. Jass & D. Watermolen. 2008. Wisconsin freshwater sponge species documented by scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 23(2): 263-272. [Available online]
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Porifera (Sponges). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 41-60.
  • Underhill, J.C., W.D. Schmid & D.E. Gilbertson. 1982. Taxonomic Keys to the Common Animals of the North Central States, exclusive of the parasitic worms, terrestrial insects, and birds, 4th edition. 205 pp.
  • Jewell, M. 1959. Porifera. [in] W.T. Edmondson (ed.). Ward & Whipple Fresh-Water Biology, 2nd edition: 298-312.

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