Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Image from Wikipedia.

Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Superphylum Lophotrochozoa

Phylum Entoprocta (banded moss animals)

    Order Coloniales -- midwestern North America.
    Order Solitaria

Taxon Information

The Phylum Entoprocta has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from midwestern states of North America.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Entoprocta, "169 species" (Zhang, 2011).
  • Entoprocta, [150 described species] (Brusca & Brusca, 2003).
  • Entoprocta, (Rogick, 1959).


  • Zhang, Z.-Q. 2011. Animal biodiversity: An introduction to higher-level classification and taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 7-12. [Available online]
  • Wood, T.S. 2010. Bryozoans. [in] J.H. Thorp & A.P. Covich (eds.). Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, 3rd edition: 437-454.
  • Brusca, R.C. & G.J. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates, 2nd edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts. 936 pp.
  • Wasson, K. 2002. A review of the invertebrate phylum Kamptozoa (Entoprocta) and synopsis of kamptozoan diversity in Australia and New Zealand. Transactions of the Royal Society of Southern Australia 126(1): 1-20. [Available online]
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Entoprocta (Banded moss animals). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 245-247.
  • Rogick, M.D. 1959. Bryozoa. [in] W.T. Edmondson (ed.). Ward & Whipple Fresh-Water Biology, 2nd edition: 495-507.

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