Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Family Pleuroceridae

Genus Gyrotoma (+ Apella)

    Species G. excisa -- North America.
    Species G. lewisii -- North America.
    Species G. lumila -- North America.
    Species G. pagoda -- North America.
    Species G. pumila -- North America.
    Species G. pyramidata -- North America.
    Species G. walkeri -- North America.

Taxon Information

The Genus Gyrotoma has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from North America.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Gyrotoma, [North America] (Johnson et al., 2013).
  • Gyrotoma, many described species, all presumably extinct, AL (Smith, 2001).
  • Apella, "Known only from the Coosa River, Ala." (Clench, 1959).


  • Johnson, P.D., A.E. Bogan, K.M. Brown, N.M. Burkhead, J.R. Cordeiro, J.T. Garner, P.D. Hartfield, D.A.W. Lepitzki, G.L. Mackie, E. Pip, T.A. Tarpley, J.S. Tiemann, N.V. Whelan & E.E. Strong. 2013. Conservation Status of Freshwater Gastropods of Canada and the United States. Fisheries 38(6): 247-282.
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Mollusca (Gastropods, pelecypods). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 327-400.
  • Clench, W.J. 1959. Mollusca. [in] W.T. Edmondson (ed.). Ward & Whipple Fresh-Water Biology, 2nd edition: 1117-1160.

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