Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Superfamily Tylenchoidea

Family Heteroderidae

    Genus Heterodera -- North America.
    Genus Meloidodera -- North America.
    Genus Afenestrata
    Genus Afrodera
    Genus Bellodera
    Genus Bidera
    Genus Bilobodera
    Genus Brevicephalodera
    Genus Cactodera
    Genus Camelodera
    Genus Dolichodera
    Genus Ekphymatodera
    Genus Ephippiodera
    Genus Globodera
    Genus Punctodera
    Genus Rhizonema
    Genus Thecavermiculatus
    Genus Verutus

Taxon Information

The Family Heteroderidae has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from North America.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Heteroderidae, "Terrestrial or very rarely estuarine, feed mostly internally on plant roots. Many cause economic damage, but some are not regarded as economic pests" (Hodda, 2011).
  • Heteroderinae, (Chitwood & Allen, 1959).


  • Hodda, M. 2011. Phylum Nematoda Cobb 1932. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 63-95. [Available online]
  • Chitwood, B.G. & M.W. Allen. 1959. Nemata. [in] W.T. Edmondson (ed.). Ward & Whipple Fresh-Water Biology, 2nd edition: 368-401.

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