Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Image from Biopix.

Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Family Sphaeriidae

Genus Sphaerium (+ Musculium)

    Species S. occidentale -- Wisconsin!
    Species S. corneum -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. fabale -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. lacustre -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. nitidum -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. partumeium -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. rhomboideum -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. securis -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. simile -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. striatinum -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. transversum -- midwestern North America.
    Species S. aequatoriale
    Species S. alticola
    Species S. argentinum
    Species S. asiaticum
    Species S. austeni
    Species S. avanum
    Species S. baicalense
    Species S. bequaerti
    Species S. cambaraense
    Species S. capense
    Species S. cecilae
    Species S. costaricanum
    Species S. davisi
    Species S. forbesi
    Species S. goshaitanensis
    Species S. haasi
    Species S. hartmanni
    Species S. incomitatum
    Species S. indicum
    Species S. japonicum
    Species S. kashmirensis
    Species S. kendricki
    Species S. lacusedes
    Species S. lauricochae
    Species S. mamillanum
    Species S. martensi
    Species S. mexicanum
    Species S. miyadii
    Species S. montanum
    Species S. novaezelandiae
    Species S. nucleus
    Species S. nyanzae
    Species S. okinawaense
    Species S. ovale
    Species S. parvium
    Species S. patagonicum
    Species S. patella
    Species S. problematicum
    Species S. quirindi
    Species S. ranae
    Species S. regulare
    Species S. rivicola
    Species S. solidum
    Species S. stuhlmanni
    Species S. subtransversum
    Species S. tasmanicum
    Species S. tatiarae
    Species S. titicacense
    Species S. triangulare
    Species S. victoriae

Taxon Information

The Genus Sphaerium has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from Wisconsin.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Sphaerium, "59 species... global" [freshwater] (Graf, 2013).
  • Sphaerium, 8 species distributed throughout the [United States] (Smith, 2001).
  • Musculium, 4 species distributed throughout the [United States] (Smith, 2001).
  • Sphaerium, [North Central United States] (Underhill et al., 1982).
  • Musculium, [North Central United States] (Underhill et al., 1982).
  • Sphaerium (Sphaerium), (Burch, 1972).
  • Sphaerium (Musculium), (Burch, 1972).
  • Sphaerium, "Many species, which range widely throughout most of [North America]" (Clench, 1959).
  • Musculium, "Many species in this genus, widely distributed throughout most of [North America]" (Clench, 1959).


  • Graf, D.L. 2013. Patterns of freshwater bivalve global diversity and the state of phylogenetic studies on the Unionoida, Sphaeriidae, and Cyrenidae. American Malacological Bulletin 31: 135-153.
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Mollusca (Gastropods, pelecypods). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 327-400.
  • Underhill, J.C., W.D. Schmid & D.E. Gilbertson. 1982. Taxonomic Keys to the Common Animals of the North Central States, exclusive of the parasitic worms, terrestrial insects, and birds, 4th edition. 205 pp.
  • Burch, J.B. 1972. Freshwater sphaeriacean clams (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) of North America. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems Identification Manual 3. 31 pp. [Available online]
  • Clench, W.J. 1959. Mollusca. [in] W.T. Edmondson (ed.). Ward & Whipple Fresh-Water Biology, 2nd edition: 1117-1160.

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