Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Superphylum Deuterostomia

Phylum Echinodermata

Taxon Information

The Phylum Echinodermata is not recorded from fresh waters. This taxon has not been reported from North America.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Echinodermata, "20,509 species" (Zhang, 2011).
  • Echinodermata, [7,000 described species] (Brusca & Brusca, 2003).


  • Zhang, Z.-Q. 2011. Animal biodiversity: An introduction to higher-level classification and taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 7-12. [Available online]
  • Brusca, R.C. & G.J. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates, 2nd edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts. 936 pp.

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