Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Tribe Lampsilini

Genus Toxolasma (+ Carunculina)

    Species T. parvum -- Wisconsin!
    Species T. corvunculus -- North America.
    Species T. cylindrellus -- North America.
    Species T. lividum -- North America.
    Species T. mearnsi -- North America.
    Species T. paulum -- North America.
    Species T. pullus -- North America.
    Species T. texasiensis -- North America.

Taxon Information

The Genus Toxolasma has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from Wisconsin.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Toxolasma, [North America] (Cummings & Graf, 2010).
  • Toxolasma, 8 species, widely distributed in the central and eastern [United States] (Smith, 2001).
  • Carunculina, [North Central United States] (Underhill et al., 1982).
  • Corunculina [sic], "A genus of small species which occur most abundantly in the southern states from Tex. to Fla. A few species range as far north as Ill. and southern Mich." (Clench, 1959).


  • Cummings, K.S. & D.L. Graf. 2010. Mollusca: Bivalvia. [in] J.H. Thorp & A.P. Covich (eds.). Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, 3rd edition: 309-384.
  • Smith, D.G. 2001. Mollusca (Gastropods, pelecypods). Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States, 4th edition: 327-400.
  • Underhill, J.C., W.D. Schmid & D.E. Gilbertson. 1982. Taxonomic Keys to the Common Animals of the North Central States, exclusive of the parasitic worms, terrestrial insects, and birds, 4th edition. 205 pp.
  • Clench, W.J. 1959. Mollusca. [in] W.T. Edmondson (ed.). Ward & Whipple Fresh-Water Biology, 2nd edition: 1117-1160.

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