Page last updated Wed 05 Feb 2020


Use the links to navigate the hierarchy of invertebrate classification.

  Subclass Heteroscleromorpha

Order Spongillida (freshwater sponges)

    Family Metaniidae -- Wisconsin!
    Family Spongillidae -- Wisconsin!
    Genus Acanthotylotra
    Genus Balliviaspongia
    Family Lubomirskiidae
    Genus Makedia
    Family Malawispongiidae
    Family Metschnikowiidae
    Genus Ohridospongilla
    Family Palaeospongillidae
    Family Potamolepidae

Taxon Information

The Order Spongillida has been reported (or is assumed) to occur in fresh waters. This taxon has been reported from Wisconsin.

(These statements were generated automatically from the WInvertebrates database.)

Literature Records

  • Spongillina, "6 families of living sponges, + 1 incertae sedis" (Hooper et al., 2011).


  • Hooper, J.N.A., R.W.M. Van Soest & A. Pisera. 2011. Phylum Porifera Grant, 1826. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness . Zootaxa 3148: 13–18. [Available online]
  • Watermolen, D.J. 2008. Catalog of North American state and regional freshwater sponge references. Miscellaneous Publication Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources PUB-SS-1040. 12 pp. [Available online]
  • Manconi, R. & R. Pronzato. 2008. Global diversity of sponges (Porifera: Spongillina) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595(1): 27-33. [Available online]
  • Annesley, J., J. Jass & D. Watermolen. 2008. Wisconsin freshwater sponge species documented by scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 23(2): 263-272. [Available online]
  • Manconi, R. & R. Pronzato. 2002. Suborder Spongillina subord. nov.: Freshwater Sponges. [in] System Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges 1: 921-1019. [Available online]

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